California is a top destination for traffickers due to the state’s international border, major harbors and airports, powerful economy, and increasing immigrant population (California Alliance to Combat Trafficking & Slavery Task Force 2007). Sacramento, specifically, has large immigrant and refugee populations, as well as large populations of at risk and foster youth, all populations which are vulnerable to trafficking. In response, California has enacted the following laws.
SB 1193 (2012) & Civil Code § 52.6 (2012)
The law requires specified businesses and other establishments, as of April 1, 2013, to post a notice informing the public and victims of human trafficking of telephone hotline numbers to seek help or report unlawful activity. There are specific posting mandates, language requirements, and penalties for failing to post. The mandated notice is available on this website for download. Each mandated business is required to post the notice in English and Spanish. In addition, for businesses located in specific counties, a third language is required.
The mandated posting provides victims of human trafficking with essential information on where to obtain assistance. The posting also provides critical information to the public on how to report suspected human trafficking.
To find out if your business is required to post a public notice regarding slavery and human trafficking under SB 1193 & Civil Code Section 52.6, please visit the California Attorney General’s Website.
AB 22 California Trafficking Victims Protection Act (CTVPA) (2005)
This Act establishes human trafficking as a felony under Penal Code section 236.1, punishable by 3 to 5 years for trafficking an adult, or 4 to 8 years for trafficking a minor, and provides victims with benefits like mandatory restitution and civil action.
SB 1569 Access to Benefits for Human Trafficking and Other Serious Crime Victims Act (2007)
SB 1569 creates a state-funded program for non-certified victims, extending eligibility for benefits and services such as cash assistance and employment assistance for up to one year. For more information, check out the webpage and fact-sheet.
California Proposition 35, The CASE Act (2012)
The CASE Act increases penalties for certain types of human trafficking, requires criminal fines, and mandates law enforcement training on human trafficking
For more information on California Legislation visit the California Attorney General’s Website.